Brain and Behavior: Issue 3 Highlights and Introducing Altmetric!
Brain and Behavior’s latest issue brings together research on increased risk of anxiety from cigarette smoking, the effects of bisphenol A on social behavior in mice, and how the brain responds to cognitive load. The cover features an image from, Neuroanatomical and neuropharmacological approaches to postictal antinociception-related prosencephalic neurons: the role of muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic receptors by Renato Leonardo de Freitas, Luana Iacovelo Bolognesi, André Twardowschy, Fernando Morgan Aguiar Corrêa, Nicola R. Sibson, Norberto Cysne Coimbra.
We’re also excited to announce that Brain and Behavior is participating in a pilot program offered by the service Altmetric to offer authors and users alternative metrics for articles and datasets to measure their impact on both traditional and social media.
Below is another highlight chosen by the editorial team.
Crucifixion and median neuropathy
By Jacqueline M. Regan, Kiarash Shahlaie, Joseph C. Watson
Abstract: Crucifixion as a means of torture and execution was first developed in the 6th century B.C. and remained popular for over 1000 years. Details of the practice, which claimed hundreds of thousands of lives, have intrigued scholars as historical records and archaeological findings from the era are limited. As a result, various aspects of crucifixion, including the type of crosses used, methods of securing victims to crosses, the length of time victims survived on the cross, and the exact mechanisms of death, remain topics of debate. One aspect of crucifixion not previously explored in detail is the characteristic hand posture often depicted in artistic renditions of crucifixion. In this posture, the hand is clenched in a peculiar and characteristic fashion: there is complete failure of flexion of the thumb and index finger with partial failure of flexion of the middle finger. Such a “crucified clench” is depicted across different cultures and from different eras. A review of crucifixion history and techniques, median nerve anatomy and function, and the historical artistic depiction of crucifixion was performed to support the hypothesis that the “crucified clench” results from proximal median neuropathy due to positioning on the cross, rather than from direct trauma of impalement of the hand or wrist.
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