The journal publishes articles relating to all aspects of human food and nutrition, as well as interdisciplinary research that spans these two fields. Food Science & Nutrition is an open access, fully peer-reviewed journal providing rapid dissemination of research in all areas of food science and nutrition.
This issue features an exciting range of articles, including the highlights below, selected by Editor-in-Chief Dr. Y. Martin Lo.
Royal jelly enhances antigen-specific mucosal IgA response
Hikaru Kai, Yuji Motomura, Shiro Saito, Ken Hashimoto, Tomoki Tatefuji, Nobutoki Takamune and Shogo Misumi
Summary: Royal Jelly exhibits mucosal immunomodulatory properties via stimulation of effective uptake of antigens through M cells.
Microbial contribution to spoilage of African breadfruit (Artocarpus communis, Forst) during storage
Olusegun B. Ajayi and Tinuola T. Adebolu
Summary: African breadfruit morphological changes during spoilage. Spoilage organism (bacteria and fungi) were responsible for spoilage.
Ma T. Espino-Sevilla, Maria E. Jaramillo-Flores, Rodolfo Hernández-Gutiérrez, Juan C. Mateos-Díaz, Hugo Espinosa-Andrews, Ana P. Barba de la Rosa, Jose O. Rodiles-López, Socorro Villanueva-Rodríguez and Eugenia C. Lugo-Cervantes
We are delighted to announce that Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine (MGGM) has published its Inaugural Issue. MGGM is a peer reviewed, open access journal for rapid dissemination of high-quality research related to the dynamically developing areas of human, molecular and medical genetics. Following our launch in November 2012 we have received high quality submissions across the whole scope of the journal.
MGGM is edited by Dr. Maximilian Muenke. For the past two decades, the focus of Dr. Muenke’s research has been on the identification of the underlying causes of craniofacial anomalies. More recently, his lab has identified susceptibility loci for the most common childhood behavioral disorder, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), with further research focused on predicting severity, treatment response, and long-term outcome. Dr. Muenke is also interested in personalized medicine, from understanding rare and common diseases to their treatment and prevention. Our first issue launches with some great papers covering areas of biochemical, cardiac and ocular genetics. Below are Dr. Muenke’s issue highlights:
MT-CYB mutations in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy by Christian M. Hagen, Frederik H. Aidt, Ole Havndrup, Paula L. Hedley, Cathrine Jespersgaard, Morten Jensen, Jørgen K. Kanters, Johanna C. Moolman-Smook, Daniel V. Møller, Henning Bundgaard and Michael Christiansen
Summary: This study is a comprehensive screening of HCM patients for MT-CYB mutations. We find that rare mtDNA variants occur quite frequently in HCM patients and our molecular modeling studies suggest that some of these may be of functional significance. The described variants may contribute to the phenotypic variability of HCM, and may be of a more general significance in relation to mtDNA variants as disease modifiers and susceptibility factors.
Clinical and mutation analysis of 51 probands with anophthalmia and/or severe microphthalmia from a single center by Christina Gerth-Kahlert, Kathleen Williamson, Morad Ansari, Jacqueline K. Rainger, Volker Hingst, Theodor Zimmermann, Stefani Tech, Rudolf F. Guthoff, Veronica van Heyningen and David R. FitzPatrick
Summary: Mutations in three genes, SOX2, OTX2 and STRA6, account for 75% of the cases of severe bilateral eye malformations in a consecutive series of cases from a single centre. The phenotypic spectrum associated with mutations in each of these genes is wider than previously thought. We also report the first observation of a heterozygous loss-of-function allele of SOX2 that is inherited from an affected parent.
The latest issue of Ecology and Evolution is now live! Over 20 excellent articles free to read, download and share. The cover image is taken from Non-linear feeding functional responses in the Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) predict immediate negative impact of wetland degradation on this flagship species by Anne-Sophie Deville et al. Below are some highlights from this issue:
Taxonome: a software package for linking biological species data by Thomas A. Kluyver and Colin P. Osborne
Summary: Online databases of biological information offer tremendous potential for evolutionary and ecological discoveries, especially if data are combined in novel ways. However, the different names and varied spellings used for many species present major barriers to linking data. Taxonome is a software tool designed to solve this problem by quickly and reproducibly matching biological names to a given reference set. It is available both as a graphical user interface (GUI) for simple interactive use, and as a library for more advanced functionality with programs written in Python. Taxonome also includes functions to standardize distribution information to a well-defined set of regions, such as the TDWG World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions. In combination, these tools will help biologists to rapidly synthesize disparate datasets, and to investigate large-scale patterns in species traits.
Interpretations arising from Wrightian and Malthusian fitness under strong frequency dependent selection by Bin Wu, Chaitanya S. Gokhale, Matthijs van Veelen, Long Wang and Arne Traulsen
Summary: Fitness is the central concept in evolutionary theory. It measures a phenotype’s ability to survive and reproduce. There are different ways to represent this measure: Malthusian fitness and Wrightian fitness. One can go back and forth between the two, but when we characterize model properties or interpret data, it can be important to distinguish between them. Here, we discuss a recent experiment to show how the interpretation changes if an alternative definition is used.
Anthropogenic extinction threats and future loss of evolutionary history in reef corals by Danwei Huang and Kaustuv Roy
Summary: Extinction always results in loss of phylogenetic diversity (PD), but phylogenetically selective extinctions have long been thought to disproportionately reduce PD. Recent simulations show that tree shapes also play an important role in determining the magnitude of PD loss, potentially offsetting the effects of clustered extinctions. While patterns of PD loss under different extinction scenarios are becoming well characterized in model phylogenies, analyses of real clades that often have unbalanced tree shapes remain scarce, particularly for marine organisms. Here, we use a fossil-calibrated phylogeny of all living scleractinian reef corals in conjunction with IUCN data on extinction vulnerabilities to quantify how loss of species in different threat categories will affect the PD of this group. Our analyses reveal that predicted PD loss in corals varies substantially among different threats, with extinctions due to bleaching and disease having the largest negative effects on PD. In general, more phylogenetically clustered extinctions lead to larger losses of PD in corals, but there are notable exceptions; extinction of rare corals from distantly-related old and unique lineages can also result in substantial PD loss. Thus our results show that loss of PD in reef corals is dependent on both tree shape and the nature of extinction threats.
Read other top articles in this issue >
We are pleased to announce that the University of Southampton is the latest institution to sign up for a Wiley Open Access Account and now pay for their researchers to publish an open access article with Wiley. Authors affiliated with the University of Southampton can publish research articles in Wiley Open Access journals and/or OnlineOpen without directly paying any publication charges.
Browse our growing list of institutions / funders who have an account or partnership with Wiley Open Access.
For further information, pricing and discounts please contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
We are delighted that Pharmacology Research & Perspectives (PR&P) launched successfully at EB2013.
PR&P is a new collaboration between the British Pharmacological Society (BPS) and the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (ASPET) and is supported by their prestigious journals.
The journal was formally introduced at the ASPET Business Meeting which preceeded the launch reception. James Barrett, the Chair of ASPET’s Board of Publications Trustees introduced the Editor-in-Chief: Michael J. Curtis and advised the audience that the editors and society officers would be available to take questions about the journal at the reception. The ASPET/BPS Opening Reception then followed. PR&P banners were placed around the room including key information about the new journal, and BPS, ASPET and Wiley staff were on hand to distribute leaflets. Delegates enjoyed a steady supply of drinks and a buffet and the event was enjoyed by all.
Throughout the conference there were a number of smaller events to introduce the journal: ‘Meet-the-editor’ events were held at the BPS and ASPET booths, giving potential authors the opportunity to discuss their paper and how to submit. The journal was also introduced at the ASPET Joint Editorial Boards Dinner, and delegates passed the PR&P banners as they went to sessions and meetings.
For more information about PR&P visit the journal’s website >
or send an email to the editorial office >
Submit your paper via the journal’s online submission site >
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We are delighted to announce that Physiological Reports has now published its first article. The journal opened for submissions at the end of March 2013 and we have already received several strong papers. The journal also had a very popular launch event at the Experimental Biology conference in Boston in April. Physiological Reports is the new open access journal from the American Physiological Society and The Physiological Society.
The first paper to be published in Physiological Reports is:
Mental stress elicits sustained and reproducible increases in skin sympathetic nerve activity
by Matthew D. Muller, Charity L. Sauder & Chester A. Ray
Prof. Ray introduces his paper: “Psychological stress is an established trigger for adverse cardiovascular events, but the underlying mechanisms are not entirely clear. A better understanding of how the body responds to psychological stress may allow for therapies to improve clinical outcomes. Skin sympathetic nerve activity (SSNA), reflective of sympathetic outflow to the cutaneous vasculature, has not been systematically studied in response to mental stress. Early experiments demonstrated that SSNA responds to arousal stimuli (e.g., sudden touch, loud noise), but quantitative data regarding SSNA responses to mental stress are scarce. Moreover, the reproducibility of SSNA to mental stress has not been examined.
Our results demonstrate that patterns of SSNA responses to standardized bouts of mental arithmetic lasting three minutes are consistent across trials (i.e., hours and days apart) with a large initial arousal response followed by a smaller yet sustained SSNA increase for the remainder of the trial. These results indicate that SSNA responses to mental stress are reproducible in controlled conditions and that changes observed over time would reflect modification of autonomic regulation. The current findings will be valuable in future studies evaluating the effectiveness of interventions (e.g., exercise training, pharmacological therapy) on SSNA responses to stress.”
The paper can be read in full here >
Deputy Editor, Prof. Thomas Kleyman says: “We are very excited about the publication of the first manuscript in Physiological Reports from Matthew Muller, Charity Sauder and Chester Ray at Penn State. We plan to post a podcast discussion with Chet Ray that will highlight the major findings in this manuscript.” We look forward to receiving more excellent submissions across all areas of basic, translational, and clinical physiology and allied disciplines.
We are delighted to announce that Energy Science & Engineering has published its inaugural issue.
Since opening for submission in October 2012, Energy Science & Engineering has received high quality of papers across the field of energy research. Published in collaboration with SCI (Society of Chemical Industry), ESE is a peer reviewed, open access journal dedicated to fundamental and applied research on energy supply and use. Priority is given to quality research papers that are accessible to a broad readership and discuss sustainable, state-of-the art approaches to shaping the future of energy.
Biodiesel from Grease Interceptor to Gas-Tank
Alyse Mary E. Ragauskas, Yunqiao Pu, Art J. Ragauskas
Summary: The need for sustainable biofuels has initiated a global search for innovative technologies that can sustainably convert nonfood bioresources to liquid transportation fuels. While 2nd generation cellulosic ethanol has begun to address this challenge, other resources including yellow and brown grease are rapidly evolving commercial opportunities that are addressing regional biodiesel needs. This review examines the technical and environmental factors driving the collection of trap FOG (Fats, Oils, and Greases), its chemical composition and technologies currently available and future developments that facilitate the conversion of FOG into biodiesel.
Next generation biorefineries will solve the food, biofuels, and environmental trilemma in the energy–food–water nexus
Y.-H Percival Zhang
Summary: The future roles of biomass and carbohydrate for meeting needs of food/feed, renewable materials, and transportation fuels (biofuels) remain controversial due to numerous issues, such as increasing food and feed needs, constraints of natural resources (land, water, phosphate, biomass, etc.), and limitations of natural photosynthesis, as well as competing energy conversion pathways and technologies. The goal of this opinion article is to clarify the future roles of biomass and biorefineries using quantitative data other than adjective words
Lock-in thermography as a tool for quality control of photovoltaic modules
Andreas Vetter, Frank Fecher, Jens Adams, Raymund Schaeffler, Jean-Patrick Theisen, Christoph J. Brabec and Claudia Buerhop
Summary: In this short communication, we present a method which utilizes contactless ILIT (illuminated lock-in thermography) measurement of a photovoltaic (PV) module and image postprocessing in order to calculate the peak power Pmpp of the module and to study the influence of local defects on the module performance. In total, 103 Copper-Indium-Gallium-Diselenide (CIGS) modules were investigated and the results showed a good correlation (mean error less than 6%) between the calculated IR-signal and the measured Pmpp. We performed our study on CIGS modules but the presented approach is not restricted to CIGS modules. The method provides a valuable tool for PV quality control.